Medline ® Abstract for Reference 1
of 'Natural killer (NK) cell large granular lymphocyte leukemia'
Clonal diseases of large granular lymphocytes.
Loughran TP Jr
Three distinct clinical syndromes occur in patients with increased numbers of circulating LGL. Patients with T-LGL leukemia have clonal proliferations of CD3+ LGL typically associated with chronic neutropenia and autoimmune features. NK-LGL leukemia is characterized by clonal CD3- LGL proliferation with an acute clinical presentation marked by massive hepatosplenomegaly and systemic illness. However, most patients with increased numbers of CD3- LGL do not have clinical features of NK-LGL leukemia and have a chronic clinical course. X-linked gene analyses have supported a polyclonal LGL lymphocytosis in this syndrome. Further studies are needed to determine whether clonal progression can occur in these patients.
Veterans Administration Hospital, Syracuse, NY 13210.