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Nail avulsion and chemical matricectomy

Barbara M Mathes, MD, FACP, FAAD
Section Editors
Russell S Berman, MD
Robert P Dellavalle, MD, PhD, MSPH
Deputy Editor
Rosamaria Corona, MD, DSc


Nail disorders, particularly ingrown, incurved, pincer, hypertrophic, infected, and painful nails, are common conditions in adults (picture 1A-C) [1]. Although abnormalities of nails can be disfiguring, it is usually pain that brings the patient to the clinician. Most asymptomatic nail disorders affect the toenails, but the fingernails can be affected as well. A variety of relatively simple approaches to nail problems can prevent or alleviate symptoms, and others may correct or cure the underlying problem.

Nail anatomy and common office procedures performed on the nails are described here. The principles of nail biopsy and surgery are discussed separately. Nail disorders and routine treatment of ingrown toenails are also reviewed separately.

(See "Nail biopsy: Indications and techniques".)

(See "Principles and overview of nail surgery".)

(See "Overview of nail disorders".)


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Literature review current through: Mar 2017. | This topic last updated: Jan 22, 2016.
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