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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 68

of 'Molecular pathogenesis of exocrine pancreatic cancer'

ATM Mutations in Cancer: Therapeutic Implications.
Choi M, Kipps T, Kurzrock R
Mol Cancer Ther. 2016;15(8):1781. Epub 2016 Jul 13.
Activation of checkpoint arrest and homologous DNA repair are necessary for maintenance of genomic integrity during DNA replication. Germ-line mutations of the ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene result in the well-characterized ataxia telangiectasia syndrome, which manifests with an increased cancer predisposition, including a 20% to 30% lifetime risk of lymphoid, gastric, breast, central nervous system, skin, and other cancers. Somatic ATM mutations or deletions are commonly found in lymphoid malignancies, as well as a variety of solid tumors. Such mutations may result in chemotherapy resistance and adverse prognosis, but may also be exploited by existing or emerging targeted therapies that produce synthetic lethal states. Mol Cancer Ther; 15(8); 1781-91.©2016 AACR.
Center for Personalized Cancer Therapy, and Division of Hematology and Oncology, UCSD Moores Cancer Center, La Jolla, California. mychoi@ucsd.edu.