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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 38

of 'Molecular biology and pathogenesis of von Hippel-Lindau disease'

Genotype-phenotype correlation in von Hippel-Lindau families with renal lesions.
Gallou C, Chauveau D, Richard S, Joly D, Giraud S, Olschwang S, Martin N, Saquet C, Chrétien Y, Méjean A, Correas JM, Benoît G, Colombeau P, Grünfeld JP, Junien C, Béroud C
Hum Mutat. 2004;24(3):215.
von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease arises from mutations in the VHL gene and predisposes patients to develop a variety of tumors in different organs. In the kidney, single or multiple cysts and renal cell carcinomas (RCC) may occur. Both inter- and intrafamilial heterogeneity in clinical expression are well recognized. To identify VHL-dependent genetic factors, we investigated the renal phenotype in 274 individuals from 126 unrelated VHL families in whom 92 different VHL mutations were characterized. The incidence of renal involvement was increased in families with mutations leading to truncated protein (MLTP) or large rearrangement, as compared to families with missense changes (81 vs. 63%, respectively; P=0.03). In the latter group, we identified two mutation cluster regions (MCRs) associated with a high risk of harboring renal lesions: MCR-1 (codons 74-90) and MCR-2 (codons 130-136). In addition, the incidence of RCC was higher in families with MLTP than in families with missense changes (75 vs. 57%; P=0.04). Furthermore, mutations within MCR-1 but not MCR-2 conferred genetic susceptibility to develop RCC. Overall, our data argued for a substantial contribution of the genetic change in the VHL gene to susceptibility to renal phenotype in VHL patients.
INSERM U 383, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France. catherine.gallou@necker.fr