Medline ® Abstracts for References 29,30
of 'Medical treatment for relapsed epithelial ovarian, fallopian tubal, or peritoneal cancer: Platinum-sensitive disease'
Efficacy and tolerability of lower-dose topotecan in recurrent ovarian cancer: a retrospective case review.
Mitchell SK, Carson LF, Judson P, Downs LS Jr
Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2005;15(5):793.
Topotecan (1.5 mg/m(2)/day for 5 consecutive days of a 21-day cycle) is an established recurrent ovarian cancer treatment, but myelosuppression can be dose limiting. This study evaluates the activity and tolerability of low-dose topotecan in our clinical experience. Case records were reviewed for patients with recurrent ovarian cancer in first through third relapse. Eligible patients had received>or =2 cycles of<or =1.25 mg/m(2) topotecan. Adverse events were evaluated using laboratory and clinical evaluation data. Twenty-seven eligible patients, most with advanced disease, received a total of 209 cycles (median, six cycles). Grade 3 or 4 hematologic toxicities during 184 cycles in 24 assessed patients were neutropenia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and anemia in 35%, 28%, 36%, and 11% of cycles, and 21, 19, 16, and 10 patients, respectively. Only four grade 4 toxicities occurred: anemia (one) and thrombocytopenia (three). Myelosuppression was reversible, noncumulative, and manageable. Moreover, nonhematologic toxicity was generally mild to moderate, and the only two grade 3 events were constipation and deep vein thrombosis. Low-dose topotecan was active in this setting. Lower-dose topotecan is generally well tolerated and active in patients with pretreated ovarian cancer. Prospective clinical trials of low-dose topotecan in recurrent ovarian cancer are warranted.
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Women's Health, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Improved therapeutic index of lower dose topotecan chemotherapy in recurrent ovarian cancer.
Rodriguez M, Rose PG
Gynecol Oncol. 2001;83(2):257.
OBJECTIVE: Topotecan (1.5 mg/m(2)) administered daily for 5 consecutive days of a 21-day cycle is an established chemotherapeutic regimen in recurrent ovarian cancer. However, noncumulative myelosuppression has limited its use by many clinicians. We sought to determine whether a lower dose of topotecan could provide comparable tumor activity and higher tolerability in pretreated ovarian cancer patients.
METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on recurrent ovarian, peritoneal, or fallopian tube cancer patients with measurable disease or elevated cancer antigen 125 levels (evaluable disease). Patients were treated with topotecan (1.0 mg/m(2)) given by 30-min intravenous infusion for 5 consecutive days every 21 days until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
RESULTS: Treatment records from 37 women who had been treated with a median of 3 courses (range, 1 to 17) of lower dose topotecan were evaluated; all were evaluable for tolerability and 36 were evaluable for response. Patients had received a median of 3 (range, 1 to 6) previous treatments. The overall response rate was 22% (8/36); the response rates forpatients with evaluable disease and measurable disease were 35.7 (5/14) and 13.6% (3/22), respectively. An additional 8 patients (22%) achieved stable disease. Grade 4 neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and anemia occurred in 48.6, 5.4, and 5.4% of patients, respectively. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support was used in 37% of patients, including 5 who experienced febrile neutropenia.
CONCLUSION: Topotecan at 1.0 mg/m(2) x 5 days every 21 days is active in platinum- and paclitaxel-resistant ovarian cancer, with significant improvements in hematologic toxicity. In heavily pretreated patients-topotecan can be safely given at reduced doses without apparent loss of efficacy.
Michiana Hematology and Oncology, Northern Indiana Cancer Research Consortium, South Bend, Indiana 46617, USA. email@example.com