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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 21

of 'Medical treatment for relapsed epithelial ovarian, fallopian tubal, or peritoneal cancer: Platinum-sensitive disease'

Weekly combination of topotecan and gemcitabine in early recurrent ovarian cancer patients: a French multicenter phase II study.
Joly F, Petit T, Pautier P, Guardiola E, Mayer F, Chevalier-Place A, Delva R, Sevin E, Henry-Amar M, Bourgeois H
Gynecol Oncol. 2009;115(3):382. Epub 2009 Sep 20.
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this phase II study was to assess the benefits of a weekly administration of topotecan and gemcitabine in patients with ovarian carcinoma having relapsed after platinum/taxane-based first-line chemotherapy.
METHODS: Seventy-seven patients with progression of disease</=12 months after first-line chemotherapy were enrolled to receive topotecan (2.5 mg/m(2)) and gemcitabine (1000 mg/m(2)) on days 1, 8 and 15 (q 28 d). Primary endpoint was the response rate. Stabilization rate and symptom improvement were also assessed.
RESULTS: All patients received the combination and 66 were evaluable (>/=2 cycles administered). The only major severe toxicity was neutropenia grades 3 (17%) and 4 (6%). Approximately 60% of the patients received the complete schedule of treatment, dose interruptions/delays being mainly due to moderate thrombocytopenia or neutropenia. The objective response rate was 14%, the values for patients having relapsed within 6 (n=30) and 6-12 (n=36) months being 7%and 20%, respectively. Median durations of response were 4.9 and 6.4 months and clinical benefit rates including stabilizations reached 63% and 69% in patients having relapsed within 6 or 6-12 months, respectively. Corresponding median overall survival was 7.5 and 15.6 months. Symptoms and pain were reduced in 64% and 39% of the patients concerned, respectively.
CONCLUSION: In early relapse ovarian cancer, weekly combination of gemcitabine and topotecan has a modest objective response rate. However, a high proportion of patients experienced stable disease and symptom control leading to acceptable quality of life.
Centre François-Baclesse, avenue du Général Harris, 14076 Caen Cedex 5, France. f.joly@baclesse.fr