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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 23

of 'Mechanism of action of diuretics'

Na+ transport in isolated rat CCD: effects of bradykinin, ANP, clonidine, and hydrochlorothiazide.
Rouch AJ, Chen L, Troutman SL, Schafer JA
Am J Physiol. 1991;260(1 Pt 2):F86.
We examined the effects of bradykinin (BK), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), and clonidine on Na+ transport in isolated perfused cortical collecting ducts from rats treated with deoxycorticosterone. Arginine vasopressin was present in the bathing solution at 220 pM. Clonidine (1 microM, bathing solution) depolarized transepithelial potential difference (PDT) from -11.9 +/- 2.0 (SE) to -7.4 +/- 1.7 mV (P less than 0.001), hyperpolarized basolateral membrane potential difference (PDbl) from -85 +/- 1 to -87 +/- 1 mV (P less than 0.01), and increased the fractional resistance of the apical membrane (FRa) from 0.81 +/- 0.02 to 0.86 +/- 0.02 (P less than 0.03), indicating that it inhibited the Na+ conductance of the luminal membrane. BK (1 or 10 nM) or ANP (10 nM) in the bathing solution had no effect on PDT, PDbl, or FRa. BK, ANP, or 0.1 mM luminal HCTZ also had no effect on lumen-to-bath 22Na+ flux (J1----b), whereas we showed previously that clonidine inhibits J1----b by 30% (L. Chen, M. Paris, S. K. Williams, M. C. Reif, and J. A. Schafer. Kidney Int. 37: 366, 1990). Luminal addition of Na+ channel blockers amiloride (10 microM) or benzamil (1 microM) reduced J1----b to a level not significantly different from bath-to-lumen 22Na+ flux measured previously (M. Reif, S. L. Troutman, and J. A. Schafer. J. Clin. Invest. 77: 1291-1298, 1986), and neither BK nor HCTZ had any further effect.These results show that transcellular Na+ transport occurs exclusively through the apical membrane amiloride-sensitive channel, and this conductance is inhibited by clonidine but not by BK, ANP, or HCTZ.
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Alabama, Birmingham 35294.