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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 45

of 'Mechanical complications of acute myocardial infarction'

Doppler color flow mapping in the diagnosis of ventricular septal rupture and acute mitral regurgitation after myocardial infarction.
Smyllie JH, Sutherland GR, Geuskens R, Dawkins K, Conway N, Roelandt JR
J Am Coll Cardiol. 1990;15(6):1449.
Fifty consecutive patients with a newly acquired systolic murmur and severe cardiac decompensation following a recent myocardial infarction (27 with an anterior and 23 with an inferior infarct) were studied by a combination of two-dimensional echocardiography, spectral Doppler and Doppler color flow mapping. The initial ultrasound study defined a ventricular septal rupture in 43 patients and severe isolated mitral regurgitation in 7 patients (5 with papillary muscle rupture and 2 with severe papillary muscle dysfunction). All 50 patients had subsequent confirmation of the diagnosis by either cardiac catheterization or surgical inspection, or both. Two-dimensional echocardiography alone directly visualized a septal defect in only 17 (40%) of the 43 patients with ventricular septal rupture. In all 43 patients the mitral valve appeared normal on imaging. In six of the seven patients with isolated mitral regurgitation, two-dimensional echocardiography correctly demonstrated the structural abnormality of the mitral valve (five with flail anterior leaflet and one with posterior leaflet prolapse). The addition of Doppler color flow mapping greatly improved the diagnostic information in both patient groups. In all 43 patients with ventricular septal rupture, Doppler color flow mapping demonstrated both an area of turbulent transseptal flow and a diagnostic systolic flow disturbance within the right ventricle. In the seven patients with isolated papillary muscle rupture or dysfunction, Doppler color flow mapping not only demonstrated the presence of mitral regurgitation in all cases, but also identified the specific mitral leaflet abnormality by defining the direction of the regurgitant jet.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Thoraxcenter, University Hospital Rotterdam-Dijkzigt, The Netherlands.