Imong SM, Jackson DA, Wongsawasdii L, Ruckphaophunt S, Tansuhaj A, Chiowanich P, Woolridge MW, Drewett RF, Baum JD, Amatayakul K
A random sample of 52 mothers and infants from a rural area of Northern Thailand were studied in their homes for 48 h. Infants were breast fed on demand. Daytime feeds were test weighed with electronic averaging balances and nighttime intake estimated using a new method, Indirect Test Weighing. All feeds, both day and night, were timed to the nearest minute. Other variables measured by direct observation were infant weight, and supplementary food and water intake. Mean 24-h breast milk intake was 579 g (range 78-1,011 g) with a median between day coefficient of variation of 8.8%. The proportion of 24-h breast milk intake consumed at night ranged from 8 to 91%, and increased with increasing infant age. Significant positive associations were found between breast milk intake, and sucking time and infant weight. There were significant negative associations between breast milk intake and age, and supplementary food and water intake.