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Maternal nutrition during lactation

Nancy F Butte, PhD
Alison Stuebe, MD, MSc
Section Editors
Steven A Abrams, MD
Kathleen J Motil, MD, PhD
Deputy Editor
Alison G Hoppin, MD


A mother's capacity to produce milk of sufficient quantity and quality to support infant growth is resilient and remarkably resistant to nutritional deprivation. However, milk production normally affects maternal body composition and nutritional status, and lactating women have increased nutrient demands.

The changes in maternal nutritional status during lactation, effect of maternal nutrition on milk volume and composition, and nutrient requirements of lactating women are reviewed here. Additional aspects of breastfeeding are discussed separately:

(See "Initiation of breastfeeding".)

(See "Common problems of breastfeeding and weaning".)

(See "Breastfeeding: Parental education and support".)


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Literature review current through: Sep 2016. | This topic last updated: Oct 4, 2016.
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