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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 9

of 'Maternal adaptations to pregnancy: Renal and urinary tract physiology'

The midgestational maternal blood pressure decline is absent in mice lacking expression of the angiotensin II AT2 receptor.
Carey LC, Rose JC
J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst. 2011;12(1):29. Epub 2010 Aug 25.
The midgestational maternal blood pressure (BP) decrease is absent in mice treated with an angiotensin II AT2 receptor blocker. We tested the hypotheses that there would be 1) no midgestational decrease in maternal systolic BP (SBP) in AT2-/- mice, and 2) a pattern of increased AT2 and/or decreased AT1a mRNA expression in tissues from normal (wild-type, WT) mice, corresponding with SBP changes. Heart, aorta, placenta and kidney tissue were obtained from WT and AT2-/- mice before pregnancy and on gestational days (Gd) 5-6, 12-13 and 18-19. AT1a and AT2 mRNA expression was quantified. SBP was measured. SBP was significantly decreased in WT Gd12-13 mice, but did not change during pregnancy in AT2-/- mice. In WT mice, aortic AT1a mRNA expression levels were significantly higher at Gd12-13 and Gd18-19 compared with before pregnancy. AT1a kidney and heart mRNA did not change during pregnancy. There were no changes in AT2 mRNA expression. There was no distinct pattern of change in AT1a expression in AT2-/mice. Placental AT1a and AT2 expression levels increased markedly between Gd12-13 and Gd18-19 in WT mice. We conclude that the AT2 receptor is essential for the midgestational SBP decline in WT mice. There is no consistent relationship between changes in tissue angiotensin II receptor mRNA expression and SBP in WT mice.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA.