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Management of secondary hyperparathyroidism in adult nondialysis patients with chronic kidney disease

Authors
L Darryl Quarles, MD
Michael Berkoben, MD
Section Editor
Stanley Goldfarb, MD
Deputy Editor
Alice M Sheridan, MD

INTRODUCTION

Chronic kidney disease mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) is characterized by biochemical abnormalities (calcium, phosphate, parathyroid hormone [PTH], and vitamin D); abnormalities in bone turnover, mineralization, volume linear growth, or strength; and by extraskeletal calcification.

Secondary hyperparathyroidism encompasses the biochemical abnormalities of CKD-MBD (ie, calcium, phosphate, PTH, vitamin D).

This topic reviews our approach to the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in CKD patients who are not on dialysis.

The management of secondary hyperparathyroidism in dialysis patients, the treatment of hyperphosphatemia, and indications for parathyroidectomy in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are presented separately. (See "Management of secondary hyperparathyroidism in dialysis patients" and "Management of hyperphosphatemia in chronic kidney disease" and "Indications for parathyroidectomy in end-stage renal disease".)

The pathogenesis and clinical features of CKD-MBD are discussed separately. (See "Overview of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD)", section on 'Overview'.)

            
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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Dec 06, 2017.
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