Medline ® Abstract for Reference 73
of 'Management of gastrointestinal lymphomas'
Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy is effective in the treatment of early-stage H pylori-positive gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.
Kuo SH, Yeh KH, Wu MS, Lin CW, Hsu PN, Wang HP, Chen LT, Cheng AL
An explorative study evaluates the efficacy of Helicobacter pylori (HP) eradication (HPE) therapy on early-stage gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs) without features of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT), the pure (de novo) DLBCLs, in comparison with its efficacy on high-grade transformed gastric MALT lymphomas, the DLBCL(MALT). In total, 50 patients of stage IE/IIE1 HP-positive gastric DLBCLs with frontline HPE treatment were included. HP infection was successfully eradicated in 100% (16/16) of the pure (de novo) DLBCL patients and 94.1% (32/34) of the DLBCL(MALT) patients. In total, 68.8% (11/16) of pure (de novo) DLBCL patients and 56.3% (18/32) of DLBCL(MALT) patients achieved complete pathologic remission (pCR) after HPE therapy. The median time to pCR was 2.1 months (95% confidence interval, 0.6%-3.7%) for pure (de novo) DLBCLs and 5.0 months (95% confidence interval, 2.8%-7.5%; P = .024) for DLBCL(MALT). At a median follow-up of 7.7 years, all patients with pCR after HPE therapy were alive and free of lymphomas, except for one patient with pure (de novo) DLBCL who died of lung cancer. Similar to DLBCL(MALT), a substantial portion of early-stage HP-positive gastric pure (de novo) DLBCLs remains HP-dependent and responds to antibiotic treatment. Prospective studies to validate the findings are warranted.
Department of Oncology, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.