Medline ® Abstract for Reference 51
of 'Management of gastrointestinal lymphomas'
Efficacy of single-agent chemotherapy in low-grade B-cell mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma with prominent gastric expression.
Hammel P, Haioun C, Chaumette MT, Gaulard P, Divine M, Reyes F, Delchier JC
J Clin Oncol. 1995;13(10):2524.
PURPOSE: The treatment of low-grade B-cell mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma with prominent gastric expression is controversial. Total gastrectomy has been proposed, but is associated with significant morbidity. The aim of this monocentric study was to assess the efficacy of continuous oral chemotherapy with a single alkylating agent.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four consecutive patients, 13 men and 11 women, were studied. Their mean age was 51 years (range, 22 to 79). Low-grade B-cell MALT lymphoma was diagnosed by histologic and immunohistologic examination of endoscopic biopsies. Seventeen patients had stage I disease and seven stage IV disease, with lung and gastric involvement. Two of these seven patients also had bone marrow involvement. The alkylating agent (cyclophosphamide or chlorambucil) was administered orally and daily for periods of 12 to 24 months.
RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 45 months (range, 14 months to 14 years). Complete remission was obtained in 18 patients (75%) after a median treatment duration of 12 months. Five patients relapsed; two of them were successfully re-treated, and one died of MALT lymphoma that had transformed into large-cell lymphoma. Chemotherapy was stopped after 24 months for six patients who only achieved a partial remission; two of them required further treatment for progressive disease (surgery for a small-bowel localization in one case and cyclophosphamide rechallenge in the other). Nine patients had neutropenia that required a reduced chemotherapy dosage.
CONCLUSION: In low-grade MALT lymphoma with prominent gastric expression, continuous monochemotherapy may constitute an efficient alternative to gastrectomy, regardless of disease stage.
Service d'Hépatologie et de Gastroentérologie, Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil, France.