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Management of gastroesophageal reflux disease in children and adolescents

Harland S Winter, MD
Section Editor
Deputy Editor
Alison G Hoppin, MD


The passage of gastric contents into the esophagus (gastroesophageal reflux [GER]) is a normal physiologic process that occurs in healthy infants, children, and adults. Most episodes are brief and do not cause symptoms, esophageal injury, or other complications. In contrast, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when the reflux episodes are associated with symptoms or complications. The type of symptoms and complications of GERD in children vary with the child's age.

Several treatment options are available for controlling symptoms and preventing complications in children with GERD. The choice among them depends upon the patient's age, the type and severity of symptoms, and response to treatment.

This topic review focuses on the management of GERD in children and adolescents. Other topic reviews relevant to GER and GERD in the pediatric age group are:

Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease in children and adolescents

Gastroesophageal reflux in infants


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Literature review current through: Sep 2016. | This topic last updated: Jan 6, 2016.
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