Central nervous system metastases in patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer: incidence, treatment, and survival in patients from registHER.
Brufsky AM, Mayer M, Rugo HS, Kaufman PA, Tan-Chiu E, Tripathy D, Tudor IC, Wang LI, Brammer MG, Shing M, Yood MU, Yardley DA
registHER is a prospective, observational study of 1,023 newly diagnosed HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients.
Baseline characteristics of patients with and without central nervous system (CNS) metastases were compared; incidence, time to development, treatment, and survival after CNS metastases were assessed. Associations between treatment after CNS metastases and survival were evaluated.
Of the 1,012 patients who had confirmed HER2-positive tumors, 377 (37.3%) had CNS metastases. Compared with patients with no CNS metastases, those with CNS metastases were younger and more likely to have hormone receptor-negative disease and higher disease burden. Median time to CNS progression among patients without CNS disease at initial MBC diagnosis (n = 302) was 13.3 months. Treatment with trastuzumab, chemotherapy, or surgery after CNS diagnosis was each associated with a statistically significant improvement in median overall survival (OS) following diagnosis of CNS disease (unadjusted analysis: trastuzumab vs. no trastuzumab, 17.5 vs. 3.8 months; chemotherapy vs. no chemotherapy, 16.4 vs. 3.7 months; and surgery vs. no surgery, 20.3 vs. 11.3 months). Although treatment with radiotherapy seemed to prolong median OS (13.9 vs. 8.4 months), the difference was not significant (P = 0.134). Results of multivariable proportional hazards analyses confirmed the independent significant effects of trastuzumab and chemotherapy (HR = 0.33, P<0.001; HR = 0.64, P = 0.002, respectively). The effects of surgery and radiotherapy did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.062 and P = 0.898, respectively).
For patients with HER2-positive MBC evaluated in registHER, the use of trastuzumab, chemotherapy, and surgery following CNS metastases were each associated with longer survival.
University of Pittsburgh Cancer Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org