Medline ® Abstract for Reference 33
of 'Management of bladder dysfunction in children'
Preliminary study of the safety and efficacy of extended-release oxybutynin in children.
Youdim K, Kogan BA
OBJECTIVES: To test the safety and efficacy of extended-release oxybutynin in children with bladder dysfunction. The efficacy of oxybutynin in children has been limited by side effects. A new extended-release formulation of oxybutynin has some benefits versus traditional oxybutynin but has never been evaluated in children.
METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 25 children who had been treated with extended-release oxybutynin. Fourteen had neurogenic bladder dysfunction and 11 had urinary frequency and urgency and urge incontinence but no neurologic abnormalities. Patients and families were asked to semiquantitatively (0 to 10 grading with 10 = severe) assess the effects of the medication on efficacy, as well as side effects and compliance with medication schedules.
RESULTS: All 25 patients had improvement in incontinence and/or voiding dysfunction on extended-release oxybutynin. Twelve (48%) experienced no side effects. Of the 13 who did, 10 complained of dry mouth (grade 4.6 plus minus 0.5), 4 had constipation (grade 5.8 plus minus 1.8), 4 had heat intolerance (grade 5.1 plus minus 0.9), and 3 had drowsiness (grade 5.3 plus minus 2.4). Of patients previously treated with oxybutynin,the extended-release oxybutynin was equally or more efficacious and had the same or fewer side effects, especially less dry mouth. Families reported much better patient compliance with the medication regimen using extended-release oxybutynin compared with oxybutynin. Patient and family satisfaction was very high, and 21 of 25 have continued using the medication.
CONCLUSIONS: Extended-release oxybutynin is safe and efficacious in children. In this preliminary evaluation, it had benefits over traditional, immediate-release oxybutynin.
Division of Urology, Albany Medical College, Albany, New York 12208, USA.