Medline ® Abstract for Reference 24
of 'Management of bladder dysfunction in children'
Treatment of daytime urinary incontinence in children: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
Sureshkumar P, Bower W, Craig JC, Knight JF
J Urol. 2003;170(1):196.
PURPOSE: We sought to determine the benefits and harms of interventions for children with daytime urinary incontinence.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Trials of any interventions for children with primary daytime incontinence (the urge syndrome and/or dysfunctional voiding) were identified from the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, MEDLINE, EMBASE, reference lists of articles, abstracts from conference proceedings and contact with known experts in the field. Once identified, trial quality was assessed, data were extracted and results were expressed in terms of relative risks (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for individual trials, and summary estimates were obtained using a random effects model. All steps were done by 2 independent reviewers.
RESULTS: Randomized trials of terodiline (2 studies), daytime alarms (1), imipramine (1) and biofeedback/oxybutynin (1) involving 383 children were reviewed. No intervention was demonstrated to be effective. In the latter trial, which was the only one to evaluate a currently used intervention, after 9 months of treatment there was no difference in the proportions of children with unimproved daytime wetting with oxybutynin (RR 0.74, CI 0.26 to 2.13) and biofeedback (0.92, 0.59 to 1.43) compared with placebo.
CONCLUSIONS: No intervention tested in a trial to date has been proved to be of benefit to children with daytime urinary incontinence.
Centre for Kidney Research, Children's Hospital at Westmead, University of Sydney, Westmead, NSW 2145, Australia.