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Management of Barrett's esophagus

INTRODUCTION

Barrett's esophagus is the condition in which a metaplastic columnar epithelium that predisposes to cancer development replaces the stratified squamous epithelium that normally lines the distal esophagus [1]. The metaplastic epithelium is acquired as a consequence of chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

The management of patients with Barrett's esophagus involves three major components:

Treatment of the associated GERD

Endoscopic surveillance to detect dysplasia

Treatment of dysplasia

                          

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Literature review current through: Mar 2014. | This topic last updated: Dec 16, 2013.
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