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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 67

of 'Management of acute chemotherapy-related diarrhea'

Effect of somatostatin analog on water and electrolyte transport and transit time in human small bowel.
Dueno MI, Bai JC, Santangelo WC, Krejs GJ
Dig Dis Sci. 1987 Oct;32(10):1092-6.
The present study was undertaken to investigate how a somatostatin analog (201-995 Sandoz), which is now commonly used for treatment of patients with gut hormone-producing tumors, affects water and ion absorption and transit time in the normal jejunum. Six healthy volunteers were given somatostatin analog intravenously at a dose of 1 microgram/kg/hr. At the same time, jejunal water and ion movement and transit time were measured using the triple-lumen tube technique [perfusion of a plasma-like electrolyte solution with PEG as a nonabsorbable marker at a rate of 15 ml/min; dye dilution curves ([3H]mannitol, [14C]PEG, BSP) for determination of jejunal transit time]. During somatostatin analog administration, transit time through a 30-cm segment of perfused jejunum increased from 4.0 min to 17.0 min. While the somatostatin analog increased jejunal transit time, it had no effect on net water and electrolyte absorption under steady-state conditions. The effect of somatostatin analog on the proximal small bowel is similar to the action of an eight-times higher dose of intravenous native somatostatin previously studied. The effect of the analog on transit time suggests a potentially beneficial effect in patients with large-volume diarrhea in which no tumor or circulating secretagogue can be identified, such as in pseudopancreatic cholera syndrome.
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center, Dallas.