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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 10

of 'Management and prognosis of tricuspid regurgitation'

Does lowering pulmonary arterial pressure eliminate severe functional tricuspid regurgitation? Insights from pulmonary thromboendarterectomy.
Sadeghi HM, Kimura BJ, Raisinghani A, Blanchard DG, Mahmud E, Fedullo PF, Jamieson SW, DeMaria AN
J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004;44(1):126.
OBJECTIVES: Because pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) can result in an immediate reduction in pulmonary artery (PA) pressure, we sought to evaluate the effect of PTE on severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) without tricuspid annuloplasty.
BACKGROUND: Few data exist regarding the frequency and magnitude of functional TR improvement after reduction in PA pressure.
METHODS: We identified 27 patients with severe TR, defined by a regurgitant index (RI)>33%, who underwent PTE. The RI, tricuspid annular diameter (TAD), apical displacement of leaflet coaptation, and estimated PA systolic pressure were determined on pre- and post-PTE echocardiograms. Patients were stratified based on resolution (RI<or =33%) or persistence (RI>33%) of severe TR.
RESULTS: Comparing pre- and post-PTE echocardiography results, severe TR resolved in 19 of 27 (70%) patients. This group had a more effective PA systolic pressure reduction after PTE (49 +/- 20 mm Hg vs. 32 +/- 16 mm Hg by echocardiography, p = 0.075, and 37 +/- 16 mm Hg vs. 16 +/- 13 mm Hg by catheter measurement, p = 0.004). No difference was observed in TAD, apical displacement of the tricuspid valve, or other features compared with the group with persistent severe TR. There was a trend toward longer hospital stays in the group with persistent severe TR (19 +/- 15 days vs. 14 +/- 9 days; p = 0.55).
CONCLUSIONS: After significant PA pressure reduction by PTE, severe functional TR with a dilated annulus may improve without annuloplasty despite dilated tricuspid annulus diameters.
Division of Cardiology, University of California-San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California, USA. hmsmd1@hotmail.com