Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Medline ® Abstract for Reference 18

of 'Management and prognosis of patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation'

Effects of hypocalcemia on diaphragmatic strength generation.
Aubier M, Viires N, Piquet J, Murciano D, Blanchet F, Marty C, Gherardi R, Pariente R
J Appl Physiol (1985). 1985;58(6):2054.
We studied the effects of hypocalcemia on diaphragmatic force and diaphragm blood flow (Qdi) in 12 anesthetized dogs. The diaphragm was electrically stimulated with intramuscular electrodes surgically implanted in the ventral surface of each hemidiaphragm. The transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi) during supramaximal (50 V) 2-s stimulations applied over a frequency range of 10-100 Hz was measured with balloon catheters during tracheal occlusion at functional residual capacity. A catheter was placed via the femoral vein into the left inferior phrenic vein, and Qdi was measured by timed volume collections of left inferior venous effluent. A catheter was introduced in a femoral artery to monitor blood pressure (BP). In five additional dogs, the force generated by the sartorius muscle during electrical stimulation was also studied concomitantly to diaphragmatic force. The animals were mechanically ventilated throughout the experiment, and the arterial blood gases and pH were maintained constant. Hypocalcemia was induced by a continuous infusion of EGTA (70 mg X kg-1 X h-1), which led to a progressive decrease (P less than 0.0001) of ionized calcium plasmatic level from 2.21 +/- 0.4 meq/1 during control to 1.69 +/- 0.06, 1.25 +/- 0.5, and 1.07 +/- 0.5 meq/1 after 30, 60, and 120 min, respectively. Hypocalcemia decreased progressively Pdi, which amounted to 84 +/- 3 (P less than 0.001) and 98 +/- 2% of control values for the low frequencies (10 and 20 Hz) and the high frequencies (50 and 100 Hz), respectively, after 30 min of EGTA infusion and to 74 +/- 5 and 79 +/- 6% for the low and high frequencies, respectively, after 120 min.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)