Medline ® Abstracts for References 51,54-56
of 'Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma: Epidemiology, risk factors, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and staging'
A review of peritoneal mesothelioma at the Washington Cancer Institute.
Sugarbaker PH, Welch LS, Mohamed F, Glehen O
Surg Oncol Clin N Am. 2003;12(3):605.
This article reviews a single institution's experience with 68 patients (21 females, 47 males) prospectively treated over the last 2 decades with an aggressive local-regional approach, combining maximal cytoreductive surgery with heated intraoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy and early postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy. This multimodality treatment has resulted in a median survival of 67 months. Female patients had a significantly better prognosis than males. The other significant predictive factors of survival were: age, diagnosis by incidental findings, tumor extent, pathology, and completeness of cytoreduction.
Program in Peritoneal Surface Malignancy, Washington Cancer Institute, 110 Irving St., NW, Washington, DC 20010, USA. Paul.Sugarbaker@medstar.net
Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma: prognostic factors and oncologic outcome analysis.
Magge D, Zenati MS, Austin F, Mavanur A, Sathaiah M, Ramalingam L, Jones H, Zureikat AH, Holtzman M, Ahrendt S, Pingpank J, Zeh HJ, Bartlett DL, Choudry HA
Ann Surg Oncol. 2014 Apr;21(4):1159-65. Epub 2013 Dec 10.
BACKGROUND: Most patients with malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) present with late-stage, unresectable disease that responds poorly to systemic chemotherapy while, at the same time, effective targeted therapies are lacking. We assessed the efficacy of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemoperfusion (HIPEC) in MPM.
METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 65 patients with MPM undergoing CRS/HIPEC between 2001 and 2010. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and multivariate Cox-regression models identified prognostic factors affecting oncologic outcomes.
RESULTS: Adequate CRS was achieved in 56 patients (CC-0 = 35; CC-1 = 21), and median simplified peritoneal cancer index (SPCI) was 12. Pathologic assessment revealed predominantly epithelioid histology (81 %) and biphasic histology (8 %), while lymph node involvement was uncommon (8 %). Major postoperative morbidity (grade III/IV) occurred in 23 patients (35 %), and 60-day mortality rate was 6 %. With median follow-up of 37 months, median overall survival was46.2 months, with 1-, 2-, and 5-year overall survival probability of 77, 57, and 39 %, respectively. Median progression-free survival was 13.9 months, with 1-, 2-, and 5-year disease failure probability of 47, 68, and 83 %, respectively. In a multivariate Cox-regression model, age at surgery, SPCI>15, incomplete cytoreduction (CC-2/3), aggressive histology (epithelioid, biphasic), and postoperative sepsis were joint significant predictors of poor survival (chi square = 42.8; p = 0.00001), while age at surgery, SPCI>15, incomplete cytoreduction (CC-2/3), and aggressive histology (epithelioid, biphasic) were joint significant predictors of disease progression (Chi square = 30.6; p = 0.00001).
CONCLUSIONS: Tumor histology, disease burden, and the ability to achieve adequate surgical cytoreduction are essential prognostic factors in MPM patients undergoing CRS/HIPEC.
Division of Surgical Oncology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy for malignant peritoneal mesothelioma: multi-institutional experience.
Yan TD, Deraco M, Baratti D, Kusamura S, Elias D, Glehen O, Gilly FN, Levine EA, Shen P, Mohamed F, Moran BJ, Morris DL, Chua TC, Piso P, Sugarbaker PH
J Clin Oncol. 2009;27(36):6237.
PURPOSE: This multi-institutional registry study evaluated cytoreductive surgery (CRS) combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (DMPM).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multi-institutional data registry that included 405 patients with DMPM treated by a uniform approach that used CRS and HIPEC was established. The primary end point was overall survival. The secondary end point was evaluation of prognostic variables for overall survival.
RESULTS: Follow-up was complete in 401 patients (99%). The median follow-up period for the patients who were alive was 33 months (range, 1 to 235 months). The mean age was 50 years (standard deviation [SD], 14 years). Three hundred eighteen patients (79%) had epithelial tumors. Twenty-five patients (6%) had positive lymph nodes. The mean peritoneal cancer index was 20. One hundred eighty-seven patients (46%) had complete or near-complete cytoreduction. Three hundred seventy-two patients (92%) received HIPEC. One hundred twenty-seven patients (31%) had grades 3 to 4 complications. Nine patients (2%) died perioperatively. The mean length of hospital stay was 22 days (SD, 15 days). The overall median survival was 53 months (1 to 235 months), and 3- and 5-year survival rates were 60% and 47%, respectively. Four prognostic factors were independently associated with improved survival in the multivariate analysis: epithelial subtype (P<.001), absence of lymph node metastasis (P<.001), completeness of cytoreduction scores of CC-0 or CC-1 (P<.001), and HIPEC (P = .002).
CONCLUSION: The data suggest that CRS combined with HIPEC achieved prolonged survival in selected patients with DMPM.
Department of Surgery, St George Hospital, and Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Tristan.Yan@unsw.edu.au
Lymph node metastases in diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma.
Baratti D, Kusamura S, Cabras AD, Laterza B, Balestra MR, Deraco M
Ann Surg Oncol. 2010;17(1):45.
BACKGROUND: Improved survival has been reported for diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (DMPM) treated by surgical cytoreduction and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). The significance of lymph node involvement in this disease is still poorly understood.
METHODS: Prospectively collected clinical data on 83 consecutive patients with DMPM undergoing surgical cytoreduction and closed-abdomen HIPEC with cisplatin and doxorubicin were reviewed. Clinically suspicious lymph nodes were submitted to pathological examination. The impact of nodal involvement on survival was assessed by multivariate analysis; 14 clinicopathological control variables were tested.
RESULTS: For the overall series, median follow-up was 52 months (range 1-126 months) and 5-year overall survival (OS) was 49.5%. Lymph nodes were submitted to pathological examination in 38 patients, being positive in 11 and negative in 27. Lymph nodes were not clinically suspicious and not sampled in 45 patients. Iliac (n = 7) and paracolic (n = 2) nodes were the most commonly involved nodes. OS was 18.0% for patients with pathologically positive nodes and 82.5% for those with pathologically negative nodes (P = 0.0024). On multivariate analysis, pathologically negative (versus positive/not assessed) nodes [hazard ratio (HR) = 2.81; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.12-7.05; P = 0.027], epithelial subtype (HR = 2.93; CI = 1.24-6.95; P = 0.015), mitotic count<or=5/50 high-power microscopic fields (HPF) (HR = 5.34; CI = 1.96-14.54; P = 0.001), and completeness of cytoreduction (HR = 2.06; CI = 1.19-3.56; P = 0.001) correlated with increased OS. Positive nodes (versus negative/not assessed) did not significantly correlate with survival.
CONCLUSION: Pathologically negative nodes (as compared with pathological positive and not assessed), along with pathological and biological features, independently correlated with increased survival following comprehensive treatment. This suggests the need for careful node sampling when performing surgical cytoreduction for DMPM patients.
Department of Surgery, National Cancer Institute, Milan, Italy. firstname.lastname@example.org