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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 36

of 'Malignancy-related ascites'

Management of symptomatic ascites in hospice patients with paracentesis: a case series report.
Zama IN, Edgar M
Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2012 Aug;29(5):405-8. Epub 2011 Oct 13.
Refractory ascites causes significant distress to patients and can be managed in various ways. In hospice patients where the goal of care is to preserve comfort and foster better quality of life, diuretics should be tried first; however, in resistant cases, home-based paracentesis should be entertained. Home-based paracentesis is a safe and simple procedure that can be done blindly, if done under standard precautions there is minimal associated risk of bleeding, infection or perforation and no need for pre or post-laboratory testing or the correction of high international normalization ratio or thrombocytopenia. Home-based paracentesis is cost effective, provides immediate symptomatic relief, good patient and caregiver satisfaction and obviates the associated distress to the patient and family of transporting the patient for either outpatient or inpatient paracentesis.
Capital Caring and Capital Palliative Care Consultants, Largo, MD, USA. ngangfe@gmail.com