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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 65

of 'Lynch syndrome (hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer): Clinical manifestations and diagnosis'

Prevalence of germline MUTYH mutations among Lynch-like syndrome patients.
Castillejo A, Vargas G, Castillejo MI, Navarro M, BarberáVM, González S, Hernández-Illán E, Brunet J, Ramón y Cajal T, Balmaña J, Oltra S, Iglesias S, Velasco A, Solanes A, Campos O, Sánchez Heras AB, Gallego J, Carrasco E, González Juan D, Segura A, Chirivella I, Juan MJ, Tena I, Lázaro C, Blanco I, Pineda M, CapelláG, Soto JL
Eur J Cancer. 2014 Sep;50(13):2241-50. Epub 2014 Jun 18.
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Individuals with tumours showing mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency not linked to germline mutations or somatic methylation of MMR genes have been recently referred as having 'Lynch-like syndrome' (LLS). The genetic basis of these LLS cases is unknown. MUTYH-associated polyposis patients show some phenotypic similarities to Lynch syndrome patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of germline MUTYH mutations in a large series of LLS patients.
METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-five probands fulfilling LLS criteria were included in this study. Screening of MUTYH recurrent mutations, whole coding sequencing and a large rearrangement analysis were undertaken. Age, sex, clinical, pathological and molecular characteristics of tumours including KRAS mutations were assessed.
RESULTS: We found a prevalence of 3.1% of MAP syndrome in the whole series of LLS (7/225) and 3.9% when only cases fulfilling clinical criteria were considered (7/178). Patients with MUTYH biallelic mutations had more adenomas than monoallelic (P=0.02) and wildtype patients (P<0.0001). Six out of nine analysed tumours from six biallelic MUTYH carriers harboured KRAS-p.G12C mutation. This mutation was found to be associated with biallelic MUTYH germline mutation when compared with reported series of unselected colorectal cancer cohorts (P<0.0001).
CONCLUSIONS: A proportion of unexplained LLS cases is caused by biallelic MUTYH mutations. The obtained results further justify the inclusion of MUTYH in the diagnostic strategy for Lynch syndrome-suspected patients.
Molecular Genetics Laboratory, Elche University Hospital, Elche, Alicante, Spain.