De Soyza A, Archer L, Wardle J, Parry G, Dark JH, Gould K, Corris PA
Pulmonary transplantation has emerged as a successful treatment for end-stage cystic fibrosis. Despite the chronic bronchial sepsis and often multi-resistant organisms seen in this group of recipients, death due to post-operative sepsis is relatively scarce. Identifying potential recipient risk factors for poor outcome may further improve the utilization of a scarce donor pool.
We assessed the role of pre-operative clinical measures of sepsis, microbial characteristics and recipient characteristics on post-transplant outcome in 85 cystic fibrosis patients who underwent pulmonary transplantation. Ten percent of patients died in the early post-operative period due to sepsis. The prognostic role of recipient factors including markers of sepsis, such as white cells and C-reactive protein (CRP), and the influence of multi-resistant organisms, in particular organisms from the Burkholderia cepacia complex, on outcomes were investigated.
We found no prognostic effect of gender, pre-transplant CRP, forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV(1)), weight, diabetic status or infection with multi-resistant Pseudomonas organisms. A raised white cell count or temperature or a pre-transplant infection with B cepacia was, however, associated with a significantly poorer prognosis at p = 0.03, 0.03 and 0.001, respectively.
Pre-operative B cepacia complex infection, leukocytosis and pyrexia, but not CRP, weight, diabetes or lung function, were found to be associated with poorer post-transplant outcome. The most clinically relevant of these to the subsequent risk of post-operative death from sepsis appear to be B cepacia infection and pyrexia.
Lung Transplantation and Biology, The Freeman Hospital, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, UK. email@example.com