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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 52

of 'Liver transplantation in adults: Overview of immunosuppression'

CNI-sparing regimens within the liver transplant setting: experiences of a single center.
Beckebaum S, Cicinnati V, Brokalaki E, Frilling A, Gerken G, Broelsch CE
Clin Transpl. 2004;
One- and 5-year survival rates after liver transplantation have improved with the development of potent immunosuppressive drugs. Thus, attempts have shifted to reduce long-term complications of CNI and prednisone therapy. Minimization of CNI and concomitant introduction of MMF has resulted in a significant improvement of renal function, blood pressure and triglyceride values in our transplant patients. In recipients who develop recurrent or de novo malignancies, SRL therapy might be recommended. In addition, the flexibility to individualize immunosuppression should be favored in selected patients. However, large prospective randomized trials are required in order to determine if SRL/low dose CNI or SRL monotherapy are reasonable options for prolonging patient survival. Moreover, important questions such as the appropriate SRL target dose for prevention of tumor growth need to be answered. Numerous studies investigating distinct immunosuppressive combination therapies and withdrawal or minimization of CNI are available in the literature; however it is not yet clear which treatment regimens will prove to be the most efficacious and least toxic.
Department of General Surgery and Transplantation, University Hospital, Essen, Germany.