Laboratory and radiologic evaluation of nutritional status in children
- Sarah M Phillips, MS, RD, LD
Sarah M Phillips, MS, RD, LD
- Instructor of Pediatric Gastroenterology
- Baylor College of Medicine
- Craig Jensen, MD
Craig Jensen, MD
- Section Editor — Pediatric Gastroenterology
- Associate Professor
- Baylor College of Medicine
The goal of nutritional assessment in childhood is to prevent nutritional disorders and the increased morbidity and mortality that accompany them. To meet this goal, pediatric clinicians must know the risk factors for obesity and malnutrition and must understand the normal and abnormal patterns of growth and the changes in body composition that occur during childhood and adolescence. In addition, they must be able to accurately perform and interpret the results of the nutritional evaluation.
Nutritional assessment is the quantitative evaluation of nutritional status. A comprehensive nutritional assessment has four components:
●Dietary, medical, and medication history
●Growth, anthropometric, and body composition measurements
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- LABORATORY EVALUATION OF UNDERNUTRITION
- Hemoglobin and red blood cell indices
- Prealbumin and albumin
- Cellular immunity
- Nitrogen balance
- RADIOLOGIC EVALUATION OF MALNUTRITION
- LABORATORY EVALUATION OF OBESITY
- RADIOLOGIC EVALUATION OF OBESITY
- SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS