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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 50

of 'Iron requirements and iron deficiency in adolescents'

50
TI
Weekly vs daily iron and folic acid supplementation in adolescent Nepalese girls.
AU
Shah BK, Gupta P
SO
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2002;156(2):131.
 
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of weekly vs daily iron and folic acid supplementation for control of anemia in adolescent Nepalese girls.
DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial.
SETTING: A Government Girl School in Dharan, Nepal, an urban foothill town that is 305 m above sea level.
SUBJECTS: Consecutive healthy adolescent girls (n = 209, median age 15 years) randomized to 3 groups matched for age, anthropometry, and personal and sociodemographic characteristics. Of 209 subjects, 181 completed the trial. Two girls had adverse reactions to treatment and were excluded.
INTERVENTION: Group A (n = 70) received a 350-mg ferrous sulfate and 1.5-mg folic acid combination once daily for 90 to 100 days. Group B (n = 67) received the tablet under supervision once a week for 14 weeks. Group C (n = 72) did not receive any drugs.
OUTCOME VARIABLE: Presupplementation and postsupplementation differences in prevalence of anemia and change in hematocrit.
RESULTS: Prevalence of anemia (defined as hematocrit<36%) declined from 68.6% and 70.1% in groups A and B to 20% and 13.4%, respectively, postsupplementation (P<.001), whereas the prevalence in group C changed little (68.1% to 65.3%, P =.81). There was a significant rise in the mean hematocrit of both supplemented groups (group A, 32.9% +/- 3.5% to 41.0% +/- 5.6%, P<.001; group B, 33.2% +/- 3.6% to 40.4% +/- 4.9%, P<.001) but no appreciable change in controls (34.2% +/- 2.9% to 34.1% +/- 3.3%, P =.91). Net change in mean hematocrit in both the supplementation groups was comparable (P =.57).
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of anemia in adolescent Nepalese girls is high. Supervised iron and folic acid therapy once a week is an effective alternative to daily administration and helps lower the prevalence of anemia in adolescent girls.
AD
Department of Pediatrics, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.
PMID