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Intrauterine balloon tamponade for control of postpartum hemorrhage

Authors
Younes N Bakri, MD
Sabaratnam Arulkumaran, PhD, DSc, FRCS, FRCOG
Section Editor
Susan M Ramin, MD
Deputy Editor
Vanessa A Barss, MD, FACOG

INTRODUCTION

Postpartum hemorrhage is an obstetrical emergency that can follow vaginal or cesarean delivery. It is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality, especially in the developing world [1]. Early use of intrauterine balloon tamponade is a way of limiting ongoing uterine blood loss while initiating other measures, and can be readily implemented by providers with minimal training. It can be a life-saving intervention, especially in low-resource settings where blood transfusion and surgical facilities may not be available [2]. Multiple types of balloons catheters are available for uterine tamponade. It is prudent to include one of these devices in postpartum hemorrhage kits.

This topic will discuss the use of intrauterine balloon catheters in the management of postpartum hemorrhage. Detailed information on medical and surgical treatments for postpartum hemorrhage, as well as the causes, can be found separately. (See "Overview of postpartum hemorrhage" and "Management of postpartum hemorrhage at vaginal delivery" and "Management of postpartum hemorrhage at cesarean delivery".)

Use of balloon tamponade and other interventions for management of acute severe menorrhagia are reviewed separately. (See "Managing an episode of severe or prolonged uterine bleeding".)

TYPES OF BALLOON CATHETERS

The following balloon catheters were specifically designed for placement in the uterus for control of postpartum hemorrhage:

Bakri tamponade balloon catheter – The Bakri tamponade balloon catheter consists of a silicone balloon (picture 1) (maximum recommended fill volume 500 mL, but volumes up to 1300 mL have been used [3]) connected to a 24 French silicone catheter 54 cm in length. The collapsed balloon is inserted into the uterus (figure 1); when filled with fluid, the balloon adapts to the configuration of the uterine cavity to tamponade endometrial bleeding. The central lumen of the catheter allows drainage and is designed to monitor ongoing bleeding above the level of the balloon (figure 2). The device is intended for one-time use.

               

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Thu Apr 07 00:00:00 GMT+00:00 2016.
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