Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Medline ® Abstract for Reference 34

of 'Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas (IPMN): Pathophysiology and clinical manifestations'

Genetic markers of malignant transformation in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas: a meta-analysis.
Nissim S, Idos GE, Wu B
Pancreas. 2012;41(8):1195.
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between specific genetic alterations and malignant transformation in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) of the pancreas.
METHODS: Quantitative meta-analysis was conducted of studies through October 2010 that adhered to the 1996 World Health Organization guidelines for distinguishing adenoma and borderline IPMN versus carcinoma in surgically resected specimens using a random-effects model. We developed a 6-point scoring system to assess study quality.
RESULTS: Thirty-nine studies (1235 IPMN samples) satisfied the inclusion criteria, and we conducted pooled analysis of 8 genetic markers: MUC1, MUC2, MUC5AC, kRas, p53, hTERT (human telomerase reverse transcriptase), cyclooxygenase 2, and Shh (Sonic hedgehog). Markers having the strongest association with malignant IPMN were hTERT (odds ratio [OR], 11.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.5-36.7) and Shh (OR, 6.9; 95% CI, 2.4-20.2), whereas MUC5AC (OR, 1.0; 95% CI, 0.1-13.9) and kRas (OR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.0-4.3) showed weak association with IPMN histologic progression.
CONCLUSIONS: Expression of hTERT is strongly associated with malignant transformation in IPMN, consistent with up-regulation of hTERT as a key step in progression of IPMN to cancer. Expression of kRas and MUC5AC is common but not strongly associated with IPMN histologic progression. The quality criteria used here may guide future reporting of genetic markers related to malignant transformation of IPMN.
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.