- Mariana C Castells, MD, PhD
Mariana C Castells, MD, PhD
- Associate Professor of Medicine
- Harvard Medical School
- Section Editors
- David B Golden, MD
David B Golden, MD
- Section Editor — Bites and Stings
- Associate Professor of Medicine
- Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
- Daniel F Danzl, MD
Daniel F Danzl, MD
- Section Editor — Environmental Emergencies
- Professor of Emergency Medicine
- University of Louisville School of Medicine
- Ted Rosen, MD
Ted Rosen, MD
- Section Editor — Infections and Infestations
- Professor, Department of Dermatology
- Baylor College of Medicine
The bites of insects may be a minor nuisance or may lead to serious medical problems, including transmission of insect-borne illnesses and severe allergic reactions. Arthropods that commonly bite humans include:
●Mosquitoes (see "Mosquito vectors of infectious diseases")
●Kissing bugs (see "Reactions to bites from kissing bugs (primarily genus Triatoma)")
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- Palosuo T, Brummer-Korvenkontio H, Lappalainen P, Reunala T. Immune response to mosquito bites: Characterization of mosquito saliva specific antigens and antibodies by immunoblot technique. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1991; 87:300.
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- Hemmer W, Focke M, Vieluf D, et al. Anaphylaxis induced by horsefly bites: identification of a 69 kd IgE-binding salivary gland protein from Chrysops spp. (Diptera, Tabanidae) by western blot analysis. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1998; 101:134.
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- Rust MK. Advances in the control of Ctenocephalides felis (cat flea) on cats and dogs. Trends Parasitol 2005; 21:232.
- Dryden MW. Flea and tick control in the 21st century: challenges and opportunities. Vet Dermatol 2009; 20:435.
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- Guerrero AP. Centipede bites in Hawai'i: a brief case report and review of the literature. Hawaii Med J 2007; 66:125.
- Yildiz A, Biçeroglu S, Yakut N, et al. Acute myocardial infarction in a young man caused by centipede sting. Emerg Med J 2006; 23:e30.
- Senthilkumaran S, Meenakshisundaram R, Michaels AD, et al. Acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction from a centipede bite. J Cardiovasc Dis Res 2011; 2:244.
- Fung HT, Lam SK, Wong OF. Centipede bite victims: a review of patients presenting to two emergency departments in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Med J 2011; 17:381.
- Medeiros CR, Susaki TT, Knysak I, et al. Epidemiologic and clinical survey of victims of centipede stings admitted to Hospital Vital Brazil (São Paulo, Brazil). Toxicon 2008; 52:606.
- Chaou CH, Chen CK, Chen JC, et al. Comparisons of ice packs, hot water immersion, and analgesia injection for the treatment of centipede envenomations in Taiwan. Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2009; 47:659.
- Balit CR, Harvey MS, Waldock JM, Isbister GK. Prospective study of centipede bites in Australia. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 2004; 42:41.
- Logan JL, Ogden DA. Rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure following the bite of the giant desert centipede Scolopendra heros. West J Med 1985; 142:549.
- CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS
- Local reactions
- - Treatment
- Papular urticaria
- - Treatment
- Systemic allergic reactions
- - Treatment
- SPECIFIC ARTHROPOD BITES
- - Local reactions
- - Systemic reactions
- Allergic reactions
- Other systemic reactions
- - Disease transmission
- - Disease transmission
- Biting midges (no-see-ums)
- DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS
- INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS