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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 63

of 'Initial chemotherapy and radiation for nonmetastatic, locally advanced, unresectable and borderline resectable, exocrine pancreatic cancer'

Multi-drug chemotherapy with and without radiation for carcinoma of the stomach and pancreas: a prospective randomized trial.
Hazel JJ, Thirlwell MP, Huggins M, Maksymiuk A, MacFarlane JK
J Can Assoc Radiol. 1981;32(3):164.
A prospectively randomized trial in advanced gastric and pancreatic carcinoma compared multi-drug chemotherapy, with and without radiotherapy to the local lesion, in terms of median survival and toxicity. Of 29 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma, 14 were randomized to receive 5-FU and Methyl-CCNU, and 15 to receive 5-FU and local radiotherapy to a dose of 4600 rad, and then Methyl-CCNU. Thirty patients with advanced adenocarcinoma of the pancreas were similarly randomized. There was no significant difference between the two arms of the gastric or pancreatic adenocarcinoma groups, with a median survival of 13 months and 11.5 months respectively in gastric carcinoma, and 7.8 months and 7.3 months in pancreatic carcinoma. Complications were minimal in both groups. There was more hematopoietic depression in the radiation-treated patients, but none had radiotherapy discontinued because of toxicity.