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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 128

of 'Initial chemotherapy and radiation for nonmetastatic, locally advanced, unresectable and borderline resectable, exocrine pancreatic cancer'

Preoperative FOLFIRINOX for borderline resectable pancreatic cancer: Is radiation necessary in the modern era of chemotherapy?
Kim SS, Nakakura EK, Wang ZJ, Kim GE, Corvera CU, Harris HW, Kirkwood KS, Hirose R, Tempero MA, Ko AH
J Surg Oncol. 2016;114(5):587. Epub 2016 Jul 21.
BACKGROUND: No consensus exists regarding the optimal neoadjuvant treatment paradigm for patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC), including the respective roles of chemotherapy and radiation.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis, including detailed pathologic and radiologic review, of pancreatic cancer patients undergoing FOLFIRINOX, with or without radiation therapy (RT), prior to surgical resection at a high-volume academic center over a 4-year period.
RESULTS: Of 26 patients meeting inclusion criteria, 22 (84.6%) received FOLFIRINOX alone without RT (median number of treatment cycles = 9). The majority of patients met formal radiographic criteria for BRPC, with the superior mesenteric vein representing the most common vessel involved. R0 resection rate was 90.9%, with 12 patients (54.5%) requiring vascular reconstruction. Treatment response was classified as moderate or marked in 16 patients (72.7%) according to the College of American Pathologists grading system. Estimated mediandisease-free and overall survival rates are 22.6 months and not reached (NR), respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: This is one of the largest series to describe the use of neoadjuvant FOLFIRINOX, without radiation therapy, in patients with BRPC undergoing surgical resection. Given the high R0 resection rates and favorable clinical outcomes with chemotherapy alone, this strategy should be further assessed in prospective study design. J. Surg. Oncol. 2016;114:587-596.©2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Division of Hematology/Oncology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California.