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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 177

of 'Infusion reactions to systemic chemotherapy'

Successful challenges using native E. coli asparaginase after hypersensitivity reactions to PEGylated E. coli asparaginase.
Fernandez CA, Stewart E, Panetta JC, Wilkinson MR, Morrison AR, Finkelman FD, Sandlund JT, Pui CH, Jeha S, Relling MV, Campbell PK
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2014 Jun;73(6):1307-13. Epub 2014 Apr 27.
PURPOSE: Asparaginase is an essential component of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) therapy. However, asparaginase-induced hypersensitivity reactions can compromise its efficacy either by directly influencing the pharmacokinetics of asparaginase or by leading to a discontinuation of asparaginase treatment. Here, we report successful challenges using native Escherichia coli asparaginase after previous hypersensitivity reactions to both PEGylated E. coli asparaginase and Erwinia asparaginase.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: The two patients included in this case report were diagnosed with B-precursor ALL at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital and were treated with a common regimen. Both patients developed hypersensitivity reactions to PEGylated E. coli asparaginase and Erwinia asparaginase early in treatment, and they were challenged with native E. coli asparaginase. Serum samples were collected for estimating the pharmacokinetic parameters of each patient during native E. coli asparaginase therapy.
RESULTS: Challenges with native E. coli asparaginase were successful, and asparaginase serum concentrations above therapeutic levels were attained in both patients.
CONCLUSIONS: These two cases suggest that some patients can be given native E. coli asparaginase after hypersensitivity reactions to PEGylated asparaginase and achieve therapeutic concentrations of the drug in serum.
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, 262 Danny Thomas Place, Memphis, TN, 38105, USA.