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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 162

of 'Infusion reactions to systemic chemotherapy'

Polymorphisms of asparaginase pathway and asparaginase-related complications in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
Ben Tanfous M, Sharif-Askari B, Ceppi F, Laaribi H, GagnéV, Rousseau J, Labuda M, Silverman LB, Sallan SE, Neuberg D, Kutok JL, Sinnett D, Laverdière C, Krajinovic M
Clin Cancer Res. 2015 Jan;21(2):329-34. Epub 2014 Jun 6.
PURPOSE: Asparaginase (ASNase) is a standard and critical component in the therapy of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but it is also associated with several toxicities.
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We recently reported the results of an association study between ASNase pathway genes and event-free survival (EFS) in childhood patients with ALL. The same polymorphisms were interrogated here in relation to allergies, pancreatitis, and thrombotic events following treatment with E. coli ASNase.
RESULTS: Among patients of the discovery group, allergies, and pancreatitis were more frequent in individuals who are homozygous for the triple-repeat allele (3R) of the asparagine synthetase (ASNS) gene, resulting in remarkably higher risk of these toxicities associated with 3R3R genotype [OR for allergies, 14.6; 95% confidence interval (CI), 3.6-58.7; P<0.0005 and OR for pancreatitis, 8.6; 95% CI, 2.0-37.3; P = 0.01]. In contrast, the ASNS haplotype *1 harboring double-repeat (2R) allele had protective effect against these adverse reactions (P≤0.01). The same haplotype was previously reported to confer reduction in EFS. The risk effect of 3R3R genotype was not replicated in the validation cohort, whereas the protective effect of haplotype *1 against allergies was maintained (P≤0.002). Analysis with additional polymorphisms in ASNS locus in lymphoblastoid cell lines showed that haplotype *1 is diversified in several subtypes of which one was associated with reduced in vitro sensitivity to ASNase (rs10486009, P = 0.01) possibly explaining an association seen in clinical setting.
CONCLUSIONS: This finding might have implication for treatment individualization in ALL and other cancers using asparagine depletion strategies. Clin Cancer Res; 21(2); 329-34.©2014 AACR. See related commentary by Avramis, p. 230.
Research Center, CHU Sainte-Justine; Departments of.