Medline ® Abstract for Reference 56
of 'Induction therapy for acute myeloid leukemia in younger adults'
Favorable effect of priming with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in remission induction of acute myeloid leukemia restricted to dose escalation of cytarabine.
Pabst T, Vellenga E, van Putten W, Schouten HC, Graux C, Vekemans MC, Biemond B, Sonneveld P, Passweg J, Verdonck L, Legdeur MC, Theobald M, Jacky E, Bargetzi M, Maertens J, Ossenkoppele GJ, Löwenberg B, Dutch-Belgian Hemato-Oncology Cooperative Group (HOVON), German AML Study Group (AMLSG), Swiss Collaborative Group for Clinical Cancer Research (SAKK)
Blood. 2012;119(23):5367. Epub 2012 Mar 15.
The clinical value of chemotherapy sensitization of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with G-CSF priming has remained controversial. Cytarabine is a key constituent of remission induction chemotherapy. The effect of G-CSF priming has not been investigated in relationship with variable dose levels of cytarabine. We randomized 917 AML patients to receive G-CSF (456 patients) or no G-CSF (461 patients) at the days of chemotherapy. In the initial part of the study, 406 patients were also randomized between 2 cytarabine regimens comparing conventional-dose (199 patients) versus escalated-dose (207 patients) cytarabine in cycles 1 and 2. We found that patients after induction chemotherapy plus G-CSF had similar overall survival (43% vs 40%, P = .88), event-free survival (37% vs 31%, P = .29), and relapse rates (34% vs 36%, P = .77) at 5 years as those not receiving G-CSF. However, patients treated with the escalated-dose cytarabine regimen benefited from G-CSF priming, with improved event-free survival (P = .01) and overall survival (P = .003), compared with patients without G-CSF undergoing escalated-dose cytarabine treatment. A significant survival advantage of sensitizing AML for chemotherapy with G-CSF was not apparent in the entire study group, but it was seen in patients treated with escalated-dose cytarabine during remission induction. The HOVON-42 study is registered under The Netherlands Trial Registry (www.trialregister.nl) as #NTR230.
Department of Medical Oncology, University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland. firstname.lastname@example.org