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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 3

of 'Induction therapy for acute myeloid leukemia in younger adults'

Time from diagnosis to intensive chemotherapy initiation does not adversely impact the outcome of patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
Bertoli S, Bérard E, Huguet F, Huynh A, Tavitian S, Vergez F, Dobbelstein S, Dastugue N, Mansat-De Mas V, Delabesse E, Duchayne E, Demur C, Sarry A, Lauwers-Cances V, Laurent G, Attal M, Récher C
Blood. 2013 Apr;121(14):2618-26. Epub 2013 Jan 30.
In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), new strategies assess the potential benefit of genetically targeted therapy at diagnosis. This implies waiting for laboratory tests and therefore a delay in initiation of chemotherapy. We studied the impact of time from diagnosis to treatment (TDT) on overall survival, early death, and response rate in a retrospective series of 599 newly diagnosed AML patients treated by induction chemotherapy between 2000 and 2009. The effect of TDT was assessed using multivariate analysis. TDT was analyzed as a continuous variable using a specific polynomial function to model the shape and form of the relationship. The median TDT was 8 days (interquartile range, 4-16) and was significantly longer in patients with a white blood cell count (WBC)<50 Giga per liter (G/L) (P<.0001) and in older patients (P = .0004). In multivariate analysis, TDT had no impact on overall survival (P = .4095) compared with age>60 years, secondary AML, WBC>50 G/L, European LeukemiaNet risk groups, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status. Furthermore, TDT was not associated with response rate and early death. Thus, waiting a short period of time for laboratory tests to characterize leukemias better and design adapted therapeutic strategies at diagnosis seems possible.
Service d'Hématologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Toulouse, Hôpital Purpan, Toulouse, France;