Medline ® Abstract for Reference 57
of 'Indications and diagnostic tests for Helicobacter pylori infection'
Evaluation of the Ez-HBT Helicobacter blood test to establish Helicobacter pylori eradication.
Ahmed F, Murthy UK, Chey WD, Toskes PP, Wagner DA
Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2005;22(9):875.
BACKGROUND: The urea blood test (Ez-HBT) has been shown to compare favourably with the urea breath test in the diagnosis of active Helicobacter pylori infection.
AIM: To examine the performance characteristics of the Ez-HBT Helicobacter blood test in establishing success or failure of therapy in H. pylori-infected adults using the 13C urea breath test as the reference method.
METHODS: 13C urea breath test and Ez-HBT Helicobacter blood test were performed 4-6 weeks after completion of treatment in H. pylori positive subjects. Basal urea breath samples were collected; basal Ez-HBT Helicobacter blood test samples were not. Ez-HBT Helicobacter blood test results were reported as positive, negative, or indeterminate.
RESULTS: Seventy patients generated 126 measurable sets of urea breath and blood tests. The H. pylori cure rate was 93%. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the Ez-HBT Helicobacter blood test were 100%, 97%, and 97%, respectively. Six of eight false positive and indeterminate Ez-HBT Helicobacter blood test results could be attributed to incomplete fasting or a 13C enriched diet. After correcting for the non-fasting state, the positive predictive value of the Ez-HBT Helicobacter blood test improved from 56% to 86%.
CONCLUSION: The performance characteristics of the Ez-HBT Helicobacter blood test are comparable with that of 13C-urea breath test in establishing H. pylori eradication after therapy. Errors related to incomplete fasting can be mitigated by collection of a basal blood sample.
Division of Gastroenterology, Syracuse VA Medical Center, Syracuse, NY 10128, USA. email@example.com