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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 55

of 'Indications and diagnostic tests for Helicobacter pylori infection'

Cirrhosis negatively affects the efficiency of serologic diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection.
Nardone G, Coscione P, D'Armiento FP, Del Pezzo M, Pontillo M, Mossetti G, Lamberti C, Budillon G
Ital J Gastroenterol. 1996;28(6):332.
In cirrhosis, Helicobacter pylori infection may be implicated, together with portal hypertension, bile reflux and alcohol abuse, in damage to gastric mucosa. Aim of this study was to define the influence of non-alcoholic liver disease on the incidence of Helicobacter pylori infection and on the diagnostic accuracy of specific serology. Enrolled in the study were 232 individuals, 105 also had cirrhosis. Infection by Helicobacter pylori, diagnosed by a positive concordance of quick urease test and histology, was detected in 97 (48 with cirrhosis) out of 184 patients. Severe gastritis was more frequent in patients with Helicobacter pylori infection than in patients without. Cirrhosis did not significantly affect the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection or the histological features of gastritis. Specific anti-Helicobacter pylori IgG and IgA assay (Bio-Rad GAP test) was used for serological diagnosis. Anti-Helicobacter pylori IgG showed a high sensitivity (85% in cirrhotics, 89% in non-cirrhotics) and low specificity being more evident in cirrhotics (38% vs 56% non-cirrhotics). Serum specific IgA showed low sensitivity (approximately 25% in both groups) and specificity of 79% in cirrhotics vs 84% in non-cirrhotics. In conclusion, non-alcoholic cirrhosis does not affect the incidence of Helicobacter pylori infection and the histological featuresof chronic gastritis but does decrease diagnostic efficiency of serological tests for Helicobacter pylori.
Cattedra di Gastroenterologia, Universitàdegli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Italy.