Medline ® Abstract for Reference 5
of 'Immunotherapy of non-small cell lung cancer with immune checkpoint inhibition'
Overall Survival and Long-Term Safety of Nivolumab (Anti-Programmed Death 1 Antibody, BMS-936558, ONO-4538) in Patients With Previously Treated Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.
Gettinger SN, Horn L, Gandhi L, Spigel DR, Antonia SJ, Rizvi NA, Powderly JD, Heist RS, Carvajal RD, Jackman DM, Sequist LV, Smith DC, Leming P, Carbone DP, Pinder-Schenck MC, Topalian SL, Hodi FS, Sosman JA, Sznol M, McDermott DF, Pardoll DM, Sankar V, Ahlers CM, Salvati M, Wigginton JM, Hellmann MD, Kollia GD, Gupta AK, Brahmer JR
J Clin Oncol. 2015 Jun;33(18):2004-12. Epub 2015 Apr 20.
PURPOSE: Programmed death 1 is an immune checkpoint that suppresses antitumor immunity. Nivolumab, a fully human immunoglobulin G4 programmed death 1 immune checkpoint inhibitor antibody, was active and generally well tolerated in patients with advanced solid tumors treated in a phase I trial with expansion cohorts. We report overall survival (OS), response durability, and long-term safety in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving nivolumab in this trial.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients (N = 129) with heavily pretreated advanced NSCLC received nivolumab 1, 3, or 10 mg/kg intravenously once every 2 weeks in 8-week cycles for up to 96 weeks. Tumor burden was assessed by RECIST (version 1.0) after each cycle.
RESULTS: Median OS across doses was 9.9 months; 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates were 42%, 24%, and 18%, respectively, across doses and 56%, 42%, and 27%, respectively, at the 3-mg/kg dose (n = 37) chosen for further clinical development. Among 22 patients (17%) with objective responses, estimated median response duration was 17.0 months. An additional six patients (5%) had unconventional immune-pattern responses. Response rates were similar in squamous and nonsquamous NSCLC. Eighteen responding patients discontinued nivolumab for reasons other than progressive disease; nine (50%) of those had responses lasting>9 months after their last dose. Grade 3 to 4 treatment-related adverse events occurred in 14% of patients. Three treatment-related deaths (2% of patients) occurred, each associated with pneumonitis.
CONCLUSION: Nivolumab monotherapy produced durable responses and encouraging survival rates in patients with heavily pretreated NSCLC. Randomized clinical trials with nivolumab in advanced NSCLC are ongoing.
Scott N. Gettinger and Mario Sznol, Yale Cancer Center, New Haven, CT; Leora Horn, David P. Carbone, and Jeffrey A. Sosman, Vanderbilt University Medical Center; David R. Spigel, Sarah Cannon Research Institute/Tennessee Oncology, Nashville, TN; Leena Gandhi, David M. Jackman, and F. Stephen Hodi, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute; Rebecca S. Heist and Lecia V. Sequist, Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; David F. McDermott, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA; Scott J. Antonia and Mary C. Pinder-Schenck, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL; Naiyer A. Rizvi, Richard D. Carvajal, and Matthew D. Hellmann, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY; John D. Powderly, Carolina BioOncology Institute, Huntersville, NC; David C. Smith, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI; Philip Leming, Christ Hospital Cancer Center, Cincinnati, OH; Suzanne L. Topalian, Drew M. Pardoll, and Julie R. Brahmer, Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Johns Hopkins, Baltimore, MD; and Vindira Sankar, Christoph M. Ahlers, Mark Salvati, Jon M. Wigginton, Georgia D. Kollia, and Ashok K. Gupta, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ. firstname.lastname@example.org.