Medline ® Abstract for Reference 39
of 'Immediate hypersensitivity reactions to radiocontrast media: Prevention of recurrent reactions'
Assessment of adverse reaction rates during gadoteridol-enhanced MR imaging in 28,078 patients.
Morgan DE, Spann JS, Lockhart ME, Winningham B, Bolus DN
Radiology. 2011 Apr;259(1):109-16. Epub 2011 Jan 19.
PURPOSE: To determine adverse reaction rates in a tertiary care clinical setting after adoption of gadoteridol as the institutional routine magnetic resonance (MR) imaging contrast agent.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: With institutional review board approval, informed consent waiver, and HIPAA compliance, a prospective observational study of 28 078 patients who underwent intravenous gadoteridol-enhanced MR imaging from July 2007 to December 2009 was performed. Reactions were recorded by technologists who noted types of reactions, method of injection, and treatment. Reactions were classified as mild, moderate, or severe per American College of Radiology definitions. Comparisons of reaction rates with dose and method of injection were analyzed with the Fisher exact andχ(2) tests.
RESULTS: Overall reaction rate was 0.666% (187 patients), including 177 mild, six moderate, and four severe reactions. Treatment was given in 27 patients (14.4%). The most frequent reaction was nausea (and/or vomiting) in 149 patients (79.7% of patients with any adverse reaction, 0.530% of overall population). Method of injection did not affect reaction rate or severity. There was no difference in type or severity of reactions in comparison of patients receiving half the dose versus patients receiving the standard dose (P = .33-.75).
CONCLUSION: The observed adverse reaction rate to gadoteridol was lower than previously reported. Specifically, the rate of nausea (0.530%) was less than half the rate (1.4%) in clinical trials of 1251 patients, leading to FDA approval in 1992. Rates of adverse reactions for this macrocyclic contrast agent are comparable to those published for linear gadolinium-based contrast agents.
Department of Radiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 619 19th St S, JT N322, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org