Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Immediate hypersensitivity reactions to radiocontrast media: Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment


Sandra J Hong, MD

Clinical Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine

Northeast Ohio Medical University


Cleveland Clinic Foundation

Sachiko T Cochran, MD

Professor Emeritus

UCLA School of Medicine

Section Editor

N Franklin Adkinson, Jr, MD

Section Editor — Drug Allergy

Professor of Medicine

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Deputy Editor

Anna M Feldweg, MD

Director, Editorial Management — UpToDate

Deputy Editor — Allergy and Immunology

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Part-time

Harvard Medical School

Peer Reviewer

Reviewers are not identified on topic reviews to preserve anonymity