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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 24

of 'Immediate hypersensitivity reactions to radiocontrast media: Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment'

Activation of serum complement by contrast media.
Lang JH, Lasser EC, Kolb WP
Invest Radiol. 1976;11(4):303.
Evidence is presented for the activation of serum complement by contrast media, in vitro and in vivo. Activation as a function of concentration was measured and the increasing order of effectiveness was found to be metrizamide, iothalamate, diatrizoate, acetrizoate, iodipamide and iopanoate. This order is the same as for protein binding and enzyme inhibition. The activation mechanism for iodipamide, and by inference for the other compounds, does not involve gamma-globulin aggregation. Serial daily injections in normal dogs resulted in substantial declines in serum complement over several days. Guinea pigs which were depleted of serum complement with cobra venom factor were found to be no less sensitive to lethal doses of iodipamide than those with normal complement. Implications of these findings are discussed.