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Imaging studies in melanoma

Kevin Donohoe, MD
Section Editor
Michael B Atkins, MD
Deputy Editor
Michael E Ross, MD


Melanoma is an aggressive cutaneous neoplasm that may spread to involve virtually any organ of the body. Dissemination may occur by direct extension from the primary site, by lymphatic spread to regional lymph nodes, or hematogenously. Almost all patients who die from melanoma do so with disseminated disease involving multiple organs; lung and intracranial metastases are the most frequent cause of death.

Imaging studies play an essential role in the initial staging and subsequent management of patients with melanoma by evaluating the extent of disease, detecting clinically occult disease, and/or determining the response to treatment [1-3]. The imaging modalities useful in patients with melanoma are reviewed here.

Topics summarizing the application of information from imaging studies include:

(See "Staging work-up and surveillance after treatment of melanoma".)

(See "Evaluation and treatment of regional lymph nodes in melanoma".)


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Literature review current through: May 2017. | This topic last updated: May 23, 2017.
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