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Hypoglycemia in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Authors
Lynne L Levitsky, MD
Madhusmita Misra, MD, MPH
Section Editor
Joseph I Wolfsdorf, MB, BCh
Deputy Editor
Alison G Hoppin, MD

INTRODUCTION

Hypoglycemia is the most common complication of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in childhood [1]. It can occur in any child in whom the dose of administered insulin exceeds insulin requirement. Severe and recurrent hypoglycemia can lead to acute and permanent neurologic complications. Although avoiding severe and recurrent hypoglycemia is an important goal of diabetes management, it is important to recognize that good glycemic control can be achieved without

frequent hypoglycemic events.

The symptoms, risk factors, and treatment and complications of hypoglycemia in children and adolescents with T1DM are discussed in this topic review. Other issues in this population are discussed separately:

(See "Epidemiology, presentation, and diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents".)

(See "Management of type 1 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents".)

                 

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Wed Oct 08 00:00:00 GMT+00:00 2014.
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