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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 50

of 'Hyperimmunoglobulin D syndrome: Pathophysiology'

Elevated serum level and altered glycosylation of alpha 1-acid glycoprotein in hyperimmunoglobulinemia D and periodic fever syndrome: evidence for persistent inflammation.
Havenaar EC, Drenth JP, van Ommen EC, van der Meer JW, van Dijk W
Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1995;76(3 Pt 1):279.
Crossed affinoimmunoelectrophoresis using concanavalin A and Aleuria aurantia lectin as diantennary glycan- and fucose-specific affinocomponents, respectively, was applied to study changes in the concentration and glycosylation of the acute phase protein alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) in sera obtained from patients with hyperimmunoglobulinemia D and periodic fever syndrome. Increases in concentration of AGP compared to control values were found not only during attacks, but also during remissions. Compared to healthy controls, the presence of diantennary glycan-containing glycoforms of AGP also increased during febrile attacks, while no changes were found during remissions. A continuous high degree of alpha 1-->3 fucosylation was accompanied by a continuous high expression of sialyl Lewisx on AGP. Despite the clinical picture of recurrent febrile attacks with asymptomatic intervals, these studies indicate that hyperimmunoglobulinemia D should be considered a condition of persistent inflammation.
Department of Medical Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.