Medline ® Abstract for Reference 5
of 'Hypercalcemia of malignancy: Mechanisms'
Development of a sensitive two-site immunoradiometric assay for parathyroid hormone-related peptide: evidence for elevated levels in plasma from patients with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma and B-cell lymphoma.
Ikeda K, Ohno H, Hane M, Yokoi H, Okada M, Honma T, Yamada A, Tatsumi Y, Tanaka T, Saitoh T
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1994;79(5):1322.
We have developed a sensitive immunoradiometric assay for PTH-related peptide (PTHrP) using a monoclonal antibody against PTHrP(1-34) and a polyclonal antibody against PTHrP(50-83), with recombinant human PTHrP(1-87) as the standard. The detection limit of the immunoradiometric assay was 0.5 pmol/L, and plasma PTHrP(1-87) concentrations in 110 healthy subjects were 0.8 +/- 0.01 pmol/L, with the upper limit of the normal range being 1.1 pmol/L. Increased circulating PTHrP(1-87) concentrations were demonstrated in all 46 cancer patients with hypercalcemia, but not in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, chronic renal failure, or hypoparathyroidism. Normalization of serum calcium levels after resection of tumors was shown to correlate well with that of plasma PTHrP(1-87) concentrations in 2 cancer patients. High circulating PTHrP(1-87) levels were also demonstrated in 12 out of 13 hypercalcemic patients with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma and in 7 out of 8 hypercalcemic patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma especially of B-cell type. These results suggest that PTHrP is a major humoral factor responsible for the hypercalcemia frequently associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma and also with B-cell lymphoma.
Fourth Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tokyo School of Medicine, Japan.