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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 17

of 'Hypercalcemia of malignancy: Mechanisms'

A comparison of the in vivo biochemical responses to exogenous parathyroid hormone-(1-34) [PTH-(1-34)]and PTH-related peptide-(1-34) in man.
Fraher LJ, Hodsman AB, Jonas K, Saunders D, Rose CI, Henderson JE, Hendy GN, Goltzman D
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1992;75(2):417.
PTH-related peptide (PTHrP) is one of the etiological factors associated with hypercalcemia of malignancy in humans and rodents. In both in vivo and in vitro animal systems its actions mimic those of PTH; however, its bioactivity in humans has not previously been assessed. Therefore, we compared the actions of the synthetic human (h) analogs hPTHrP-(1-34) and hPTH-(1-34) when given by iv infusion to 15 healthy subjects, aged 25 +/- 3 yr. Three 12-h test infusions were given to each subject in the order: hPTH-(1-34) at a dose of 8 pmol/kg.h, an equimolar dose (8 pmol/kg.h) of PTHrP-(1-34) (low dose), and a 10-fold higher dose (80 pmol/kg.h) of hPTHrP-(1-34) (high dose). PTH infusion resulted in significant increases from basal values in serum total ionized calcium, urinary phosphate and cAMP, and serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2d3]. No significant increases from basal values in any of these variables were observed during low dose PTHrP infusion. However, a 10-fold higher dose of PTHrP significantly increased serum calcium from 2.36 +/- 0.07 to 2.63 +/- 0.16 mmol/L (P less than 0.003), ionized calcium from 1.22 +/- 0.03 to 1.39 +/- 0.09 mmol/L (P less than 0.003), urinary phosphate from 0.21 +/- 0.19 to 0.31 +/- 0.16 mmol/L glomerular filtrate (P less than 0.05), urinary cAMP from 37 +/- 18to 53 +/- 28 nmol/L glomerular filtrate (P less than 0.01), and serum 1,25-(OH)2D3 from 29.8 +/- 12.1 to 46.0 +/- 20.3 pmol/L (P less than 0.01). For each variable these changes were statistically equivalent to the increases observed during PTH infusion. The molar concentrations of circulating immunoreactive PTH-(1-34) and PTHrP-(1-34) (at the higher dose) achieved during infusion were at a ratio of 1:3. These results suggest that the in vivo actions of synthetic hPTHrP-(1-34) are comparable to those of hPTH-(1-34), but its biological activity after infusion may be less than that of hPTH-(1-34). Moreover, the increased concentrations of serum 1,25-(OH)2D3 observed with administration of hPTHrP-(1-34) are unlike the changes seen in hypercalcemia of malignancy in which levels of this vitamin D metabolite are frequently depressed.
Department of Medicine, Lawson Research Institute, St. Joseph's Health Centre, London, Ontario, Canada.