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Human trafficking: Identification, evaluation, and management in the health care setting

Erin E Tracy, MD
Wendy Macias-Konstantopoulos, MD, MPH
Section Editor
Robert L Barbieri, MD
Deputy Editor
Kristen Eckler, MD, FACOG


Human trafficking, also known as modern slavery, is a crime that affects nearly every country in the world, regardless of level of economic development. As awareness of human trafficking has evolved, victims have been found and freed from industries including agriculture, manufacturing, hospitality, health care, domestic service, and commercial sex work. The illegal nature of human trafficking makes it particularly difficult to identify and therefore aid victims. Health care providers have a unique opportunity to help trafficked persons as medical visits may be one of the few times these individuals are in contact with the world outside of those who exploit them.

This topic will review the identification, evaluation, and management of persons suspected of being trafficked. Topics specific to sexual abuse and intimate partner violence are presented separately.

(See "Evaluation of sexual abuse in children and adolescents".)

(See "Management and sequelae of sexual abuse in children and adolescents".)

(See "Intimate partner violence: Diagnosis and screening".)


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Literature review current through: Sep 2016. | This topic last updated: Oct 18, 2016.
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